Agrawli’s Blog

June 30, 2009


Filed under: 1 — Sabri @ 9:48 pm

 All myths, that is, have their grounding in the actual generalized experience of ancient people, and represent their attempts to impose a satisfactory, graspable, and humanizing shape on it. That shape, argues Mouloud Mammeri, springs from the human mind itself, and it becomes the shape of the world that that mind perceives as ‘natural’, ‘given’ or ‘true’. Mammeri is very aware of ‘the idea’ ; [ que toute production doive témoigner De la soif de liberté du peuple] . Herby, the images of revolt and flying-off fetch us a better answer. We fight against disindigenisation. We come up in the world. In fact, no hedges or ditches or any kind of edge can cease the flow of the indigenous iternity. ‘Timmuzgha’ in the case.

Timmuzgha, the ancestral values to be designed to be part of the co-existent Mediterranean, expressed in a no doubt abbreviated form in the previous Med, 1/3. But the substantialist mode of thinking is perhaps most unrestrained when it comes to the search for certain ‘explanatory factors’ tend towards concinnity and concomitancy, and sure towards ‘the cosmopolitan’. In fact, all [values] are human-centred or driven by human interests, and therefore ‘indigenous in various respects’ .

Here is the definition of indigenous peoples, clearly emphasizing the original occupancy as opposed to recent settlers, is as follow:

Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of societies now prevailing in those territories, or part of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal systems”. (Barume2000:33)

The quotation above brighten the notion of indigenous peoples in this manner; that being indigenous would largely be attributed to span of one’s memory and one’s interpretation of the concept of ancient times.

The lords in the Mediterranean area of the middle age were clever and wiser. They invented ‘FRANKISH TONGUE’. A common language that permit routine communication between groups and continents.

So, I would like to ask this question. What lies beneath the Mediterranean?.

References and notes:
1 – Nadjia, LACETE -TIGZIRI. Relecture de La Colline oubliée de Mouloud Mammeri. University of Paris XIII, 1998.
2 – Semali, Ladislaus M. and Joe L. Kincheloe (Eds.). 1999. What is indigenous knowledge? Voices from the academy. New York and London. Falmer press.
3 – The quotation in this article is included in Semali & Ladislaus’s What is indigenous knowledge? Voices from the academy. 1999.


June 25, 2009

Ulac Smah Ulac

Filed under: 1 — Sabri @ 9:55 am

Matub Lunes

Assassined in

25- June- 1998


Listen to the great song by



June 24, 2009

THE RIF: Things Should be so Transparent

Filed under: 1 — Sabri @ 11:05 pm


RIF, the land of heroes, civilization and much more to say, has turned to a stage on which some actors perform their strange outlandish skills. Indeed, one would wonder how those politicians make work their projects.

The majority of people in RIF, as in many parts of Morocco, lead to a very harsh life as a result of the deliberated marginalization of the Jackobian policy. The latter has always aimed at excluding and eradicating all what is known as diversity, which is deeply rooted in the Moroccan social imaginary. What is more is that this policy’s goal is to assault, embrace and then at the end to ravish all this richness which, we normally, should be proud of.

With the beginning of 1950, the rifians have not given any chance to take part in the process of developing their region. Furthermore, the central regime has turned a deaf ear to the RIF’s citizens and they have not taken into consideration their contribution in the independence of Morocco. In fact, the blood which blew out of the veins of the rifians has been utterly forgotten. It’s a complete shame not to give honor to these giants people who led a fierce resistance against the imperial colonialism for the sake of this beloved country.

It’s only recently that the central regime has, to some extent, changed their old policy and seemed to be flexible in tackling RIF’s issues. This attempt is probably meant to hurdle the crucial cause which is concrete and fair reconciliation. Obviously the regime has failed to get rid of the gross violations committed in the past. Undoubtedly, to reconcile with RIF, the regime should candidly take into account the following claims:

Reconsider the fundamental role of the rifians’ resistance against imperialism.

– Fair treatment of the violations committed in the past.

Implement good governance in the RIF region.

Recognition of Amazigh identity and culture.

Official recognition of Amazigh language.

The above mentioned claims, in addition to many others like sustainable development are the most tough challenges that the Moroccan regime faces today. Unless the regime has a frank intention to put an end to all sorts of marginalization and inequality, it is impossible to talk about any kind of development and democracy.

To sum up all what we have stated above, it is incumbent upon us; citizens, media, civil society and political actors to work hand in hand so we can change the situation for the better and bring prosperity to the RIF community. This, of course, will never come all of sudden, but it requires perseverance, struggle and most of all confidence.


Rif. Morocco

May 30, 2009


Filed under: 1 — Sabri @ 8:12 pm

UN Indigenous Forum Calls for Consultations on Patents

29 May 2009 – A United Nations conference on indigenous affairs wrapped up its two-week gathering today, making a host of recommendations, including the worldwide establishment of a mechanism requiring patent offices to publicize the origins of products derived from indigenous knowledge when exclusive rights to the design are requested.

The Eighth Session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues also called on States and corporations to involve indigenous people in all negotiations relating to the entry of mining industries, infrastructure projects and other development schemes into their communities.

One of the texts approved by the Forum, a subsidiary of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), called on the international community to ensure the application of culturally relevant, gender-balanced and gender-based analysis and gender budgeting as critical elements of economic and social development, consistent with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

The Declaration, a landmark text adopted in 2007, outlines the rights of the world’s estimated 370 million indigenous people and outlaws discrimination against them. It sets out rights to culture, identity, language, employment, health, education and other issues.

The 16-member Forum – which drew around 2,000 indigenous representatives from all regions of the world, as well as representatives of Member States, civil society, academia, some 35 UN entities and other intergovernmental organizations – approved a provisional agenda for next year, including a half-day discussion on North America.

The Source:

April 21, 2009


Filed under: 1 — Sabri @ 9:56 pm

The Durban Declaration and Programme of Action


izerfanThe Review Conference will review progress and assess the implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action (DDPA).
Adopted by consensus at the 2001 World Conference against Racism (WCAR) in Durban, South Africa, the DDPA is a comprehensive, action-oriented document that proposes concrete measures to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. It is holistic in its vision, addresses a wide range of issues, and contains far-reaching recommendations and practical measures.
The DDPA embodies the firm commitment of the international community to tackle racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance at the national, regional and international level. Recognition that no country can claim to be free of racism, that racism is a global concern, and that tackling it should be a universal effort, is an important achievement. Although the DDPA is not legally binding, it has a strong moral value and serves as a basis for advocacy efforts worldwide.

• The DDPA reasserts the principles of equality and non-discrimination as core human rights, thus transforming victims of discrimination into rights-holders and States into duty bearers.
• Assigning the primary responsibility of combating racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance to States, the DDPA also calls for the active involvement of international and non-governmental organizations, political parties, national human rights institutions, the private sector, the media and civil society at large.
• The DDPA calls for the universal ratification of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and its effective implementation by State Parties to the Convention.
• The DDPA adopts a victim-oriented approach to problems of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. Specific recommendations are formulated to combat discrimination against Africans and persons of African descent, Asians and persons of Asian descent, indigenous peoples, migrants, refugees, minorities, the Roma and other groups.
• The DDPA recognizes that victims often suffer from multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination based on sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, social origin, property, birth or other status. It highlights the gender dimension of racial discrimination and attributes a key role to women in the development of programmes to combat racism and intolerance.
• The DDPA emphasizes the importance of preventive and concerted action, especially in the field of education and awareness-raising, and calls for the strengthening of human rights education.
• The DDPA calls for comprehensive national action plans to eradicate racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. It calls for the reinforcement of national institutions and it formulates concrete recommendations in the areas of national legislation and the administration of justice.
• The DDPA outlines measures to address discrimination in the fields of employment, health, policing, and education. It calls on States to adopt policies and programmes to counter incitement to racial hatred in the media, including on the Internet. It calls for the collection of disaggregated data, as well as additional research, as the basis for targeted actions.
• The DDPA urges States to adopt measures of affirmative or positive action to create equal opportunities for victims of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance in the political, economic, social and cultural decision-making spheres.
• The DDPA urges governments to provide effective remedies, recourse, redress and compensatory measures to victims and to ensure that victims have access to legal assistance so they can pursue such measures. It also recommends the creation of competent national bodies to adequately investigate allegations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia or related intolerance.
• The DDPA acknowledges that slavery and the slave trade are crimes against humanity, and should have always been so. It expresses regret over the fact that the slave trade and colonialism contributed to lasting social and economic inequalities. It welcomes the efforts of UNESCO’s Slave Route Project.
• Concerning the Middle East, the DDPA expresses concern about the plight of the Palestinian people under foreign occupation and recognizes the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to self-determination and the right to an independent state. It also recognizes the right to security for all countries in the region, including Israel, and calls upon all governments to support the peace process and bring it to an early conclusion.
• The DDPA recalls that the Holocaust must never be forgotten.
• Last but not least, the Programme of Action spells out a number of strategies to achieve full and effective equality through international cooperation. They involve an effective international legal framework, enhanced regional and international cooperation, an active role for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the participation of a wide variety of actors, including civil society, non-governmental organizations and youth in the struggle against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

the sourse:

April 7, 2009


Filed under: 1 — Sabri @ 10:40 pm

The  Moroccan  Labyrinth

oil-extraction4In  1898, after losing Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines to the U.S., Spain focused its colonial aims on northern Morocco, establishing a Spanish Protectorate in 1912. From 1920 to 1926, Spanish military attempts to conquer the territory were resisted by the guerrilla forces of the Rif’ leader Abdel-Krim. Thousands of Spanish soldiers died-including 15,000 during a two-week period in 1921 known as the Defeat of Annual-and the Spanish Army responded with aerial bombings, chemical weapons and widespread atrocities.

THE MOROCCAN LABYRINTH reveals how this colonial conflict served as the prologue to the Spanish Civil War, with losses in the African war undermining the monarchy and politically emboldening the “African militarists,” including generals such as Francisco Franco, who in 1936 launched a revolt against the Spanish Republic. Ironically, in order to escape famine and poverty, thousands of Moroccans enlisted in the Spanish Falangist movement and found themselves fighting for their former enemies in Spain against Republican forces.

This documentary features rare archival footage, propaganda films of the era, contemporary interviews with elderly Moroccan combatants, their children and leading international historians, who discuss the Rif War, how the conflict influenced political developments in Spain, how Moroccan mercenaries were used as shock troops during the Spanish Civil War and then, despite financial promises, were immediately expelled from Spain after the Nationalist victory.

THE MOROCCAN LABYRINTH plumbs the political complexities of this little-known Spanish colonial war as crucial historical background to the Civil War, showing how thousands of Moroccans, the traditional enemies of Spain, became allies with Franco’s nationalist forces and were exploited, if not maimed or killed, in a conflict that was never their own.

A Film by Julio Sánchez Veiga

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